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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

4 edition of Breeding for Disease Resistance in Rice found in the catalog.

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Rice

S. Gangopadhyay

Breeding for Disease Resistance in Rice

by S. Gangopadhyay

  • 76 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by South Asia Books .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Field Crop Breeding,
  • Grain Crops

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages340
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13129295M
    ISBN 108120401980
    ISBN 109788120401983
    OCLC/WorldCa16700093

    Green Revolution de­pended mainly on plant breeding techniques for high yielding and disease resistant varieties in wheat, rice, maize, etc. 1. What is Plant Breeding? Plant breeding is the genetic improvement of the crop in order to create desired plant types that are better suited for cultivation, give better yields and are disease resistant. Host plant resistance. International collaboration on breeding for resistance to rice blast. Present knowledge of rice resistance genetics and strategies for magnaporthe grisea pathogenicity and avirulence gene analysis. Mapping of blast resistance genes in rice. Molecular genetic analysis fo the rice bacterial blight resistance locus, Xa

    Despite many advances made in rice genomics and breeding, we are only aware of two reports that combined resistance to multiple diseases in rice using a transgenic approach (Datta et al. ; Narayanan et al. ), and there is no previous report on the development of multiple disease-resistant rice cultivars through by: 1. Introduction. Two major diseases of rice namely, rice blast caused by the heterothallic ascomycete Magnaporthe oryzae and bacterial blight (BB) disease caused by the gram negative bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), are pervasive globally and impede rice productivity to the tune of 50–90%,,,,,.Breeding for resistance through incorporating Cited by:

      Through cross breeding and marker-assisted selection, three R genes that confer resistance to bacterial blight in rice, Xa21, Xa5, and Xa13 were introduced into a deep-water rice cultivar called Jalmagna (Pradhan et al., ).Cited by: 8. The advent of rice varieties bearing genes with resistance to the disease has changed the perception about the disease: the incorporation of host-plant resistance genes in rice varieties, their adoption and deployment in the world’s main rice-producing environments is probably one of the most significant evidences of the role of plant.


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Breeding for Disease Resistance in Rice by S. Gangopadhyay Download PDF EPUB FB2

In book: Disease Resistance in Crop Plants (pp) Edition: First; Chapter: Rice, Marker-Assisted Breeding, and Disease Resistance; Publisher: Springer, Cham.

The principal aim of this book is to summarize information from a large number of publications on the progress made in breeding for disease resistance in rice.

It is intended as a reference and a text book and as such is of use to research workers in a range of agricultural disciplines, to seed production agencies, to extension workers and to by: 8.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gangopadhyay, S. Breeding for disease resistance in rice. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Pub. Co., © (OCoLC) This book provides a wide-ranging coverage of the successes and failures of the classical techniques; it describes the advances towards modern technology and addresses the problems of pathogen variation.

Crop plants that are considered include: cereals (wheat, barley, rice), potatoes, vegetables and soft fruits. THE STATUS OF RICE BREEDING FOR DISEASE RESISTANCE AT THE INTERNATIONAL RICE RESEARCH INSTITUTE H. l\1. Beachell* Introduction During the next 10 years, in all likelihood, most of the rice vanetres now grown on tropical Asian rice fields will have been replaced by disease resistant short, stiff-strawed,Author: H.

Beachell. Breeding for ShB resistance has been difficult, mainly because of the lack of identified resistant donors in cultivated varieties (Bonmann et al., ), but an indica rice line, Tetep is a. Blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae (Hebert) Barr is one of the most damaging diseases of rice.

This disease was first known as rice fever disease in China as early as Blast disease was first reported in the United States inand has been identified in 85 rice-producing countries or regions worldwide (Figure 1).Cited by: rice breeding stations except those in Tohoku and Hokuriku ,rhere the disease has not caused any serious damage in rice production.

The donors of resistant genes to stripe disease used in Japan so far are Rikuto Ka Modan22, 23l and Tjina. In the breeding program at most rice breedingAuthor: Eiji Shimura. The Green Revolution technology, centered on high-yielding, disease- and insect-resistant rice varieties, has revolutionized rice production since the late s.

Many countries in the rice belt of Asia, which used to import large quantities of rice, have become self-sufficient and have some surpluses to export. As a result, rice prices on the international market and in the Cited by: Addressing principles associated with breeding animals for enhanced health and resistance to specific diseases, this new edition provides an updated review of the field and is illustrated with examples covering many diseases of importance to livestock production across all major livestock : Hardcover.

Also covered in the book are topics such as the development of bird resistance of soghum and maize; advances in the breeding of chickpeas; and breeding rice for disease resistance. The text is recommended for botanists and agriculturists who would like to know more about the advances in plant breeding and how it is improving crops.

This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops. It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects.

Both marker-assisted selection (MAS) and conventional breeding have enabled resistance genes to be combined (or ‘pyramided’) in elite rice varieties to improve BPH resistance and its durability. We review here recent progress on BPH resistance genetics and molecular breeding in rice, aiming to help a wider utilization of BPH resistance by:   PAL proteins are key enzymes in the phenylpropanoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of lignin and flavonoids, and they contribute to disease resistance ().In rice, there are nine members of the PAL gene family ().Importantly, four of them (OsPAL1–4) are colocalized with the major resistance quantitative trait locus against Rhizoctonia solani and Xoo in the rice Cited by: 5.

Bacterial blight (BB) is a vascular disease of rice, caused by strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) and provides insight, both practical and basic, into the concepts of susceptibility and resistance. Basic knowledge has been empirically and, more recently, intentionally exploited for broad and durable resistance to the : Tariq Mahmood, Frank F.

White. Disease resistance in rice and the role of molecular breeding in protecting rice crops against diseases. Fahad S, Nie L, Khan FA, Chen Y, Hussain S, Wu C, Xiong D, Jing W, Saud S, Khan FA, Li Y, Wu W, Khan F, Hassan S, Manan A, Jan A, Huang J.

Rice diseases (bacterial, fungal, or viral) threaten food by:   Breeding disease-resistant P/TGMS lines would facilitate the utilization of heterosis in rice. Using an integrated molecular breeding strategy with one or two generations of backcrossing followed by four generations of pedigree selection, we successfully transferred two disease resistance genes, Xa7 and Pi2, into an elite P/TGMS line GuangzhanS, to Cited by: 6.

In this article we will discuss about the methods of plant breeding for disease and pest resistance. Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance: Crops are required to be disease, resistant, as a wide range of fungal, bacterial and viral pathogens that affect the yield of cultivated crop species, especially in tropical climates.

The book covers topics such as dwarfing genes in wheat; sugar-beet breeding; development of grain-protein crops; and the breeding programs of the International Potato Center. Also covered in the book are topics such as the development of bird resistance of soghum and maize; advances in the breeding of chickpeas; and breeding rice for disease Book Edition: 1.

There is an increasing need for an understanding of the fundamental processes involved in the mechanisms by which disease resistances are introduced into crop plants. This book provides a wide-ranging coverage of the successes and failures of the classical techniques; it.

Diseases are considered to be the major limiting factors in rice production around the globe. Considering rice as an important cereal crop, developing disease resistant cul-tivars is a prime objective of breeders.

Compared to conventional breeding.Diseases are considered to be the major limiting factors in rice production around the globe. Considering rice as an important cereal crop, developing disease resistant cultivars is a prime objective of breeders.

Compared to conventional breeding, molecular breeding especially using marker assisted selection appears to be more effective and by: 3.Breeding for disease resistance aims to incorporate durable resistance into improved rice varieties. Many resistance sources are available from IRRI’s vast collection of rice germplasm from which new varieties are developed.

However, varieties released as resistant became susceptible after only few seasons or few years of cultivation due to pathogen evolution and .